MA,withhisfamilyin1884.Trainedasalawyer,
Deanwaselectedtothestatesenatein1862,1863,
and1869,and,later,in1877,totheU.S.Houseof
Representatives.HisMasoniccareerbeganwith
initiationin1854intoBoston’sSt.John’sLodge,but
in1856,hedemittedfromSt.John’sLodgeto
becomeachartermemberofWinslowLewisLodge,
servingasMastertherein1858-60.Deanreceived
the4°tothe32°onMay14,1857,andbecamean
ActiveMemberoftheSupremeCouncilinMay
1862.Accordingtohisobituary,hewas“amanof
strikingpersonality,ofgreatversatilityofgenius,
amiable,kindly,gentleofspeechandofunfailing
courtesy.”

TheSupremeCouncilcollectionisparticularly

fortunatetoencompassmanyoftheMasonic
belongingsofStanleyF.Maxwell,SovereignGrand
Commanderfrom1975-85,andoneofthefounders
oftheNationalHeritageMuseum.WhileCom-
manderMaxwell’shatsandjewelsareimportantparts
ofthiscollection,someofhismorepersonalMasonic
belongingshelpaddunderstandingtothekindof
manhewas,especiallyasthenumbersofthosewho
knewhimpersonallybegintodecrease.Picturedhere
isasmallcasecontainingthefamiliarworkingtools
ofFreemasonrybutrenderedinivoryinminiature.

Thehingedbox,withthesquareandcompasses

symbolonthelid,islinedwithbluesilk.Severalloops
areattachedinsidetoholdtheminiaturetoolsin
place.Includedinthesetarealevel,compasses,
plumb,square,trowel,gavelanda24

gaugehingedin

twoplaces.Thesetools,whichsymbolizethecore
valuesofFreemasonry,offeredGrandCommander
Maxwellareminderofwhathehadbeentaught.
Perhapsheusedthemtoreflectonhispastlessonsor
kepttheminviewonhisdeskforinspiration.

WhilemostoftheitemsintheSupremeCouncil

collectionareeasilyanddistinctlylinkedtoMasonic
eventsorthemes,somealsorelatetobroaderthemes
ofAmericanhistory.Relics—itemshandledby
notableAmericans,ormadefrommaterialtaken

fromiconicAmericanobjects—comprisepartofthe
collection.Forexample,in1987,CorneliusP.Cronin,
ofLexington,MA,donatedagavelmadeofwood
fromthe“WashingtonElm”inCambridge.Thehead
ofthegavelismarked,“TheWashingtonElmJuly3,
1775.”Thisinscriptionreferstoatraditionthathas
GeorgeWashington(1732-1799)takingcommandof
theContinentalArmyonJuly3,1775inCambridge,
MA,underanelmtree.

However,researchintothatdateandtheoccasion

byhistorianssuchasFredW.AndersonandSamuel
Batcheldersuggeststhatthislovelystoryisexactly
that—astoryandnothingmore.Washingtondid
arriveinCambridgeonJuly2,1775,butascheduled
receptionthatdaywascancelledduetorain.Thenext
day,theJuly3indicatedonthegavel,found
WashingtonridingthelinesfromCambridgeto
Charlestown,tryingtosighttheenemyand
familiarizinghimselfwiththeareaandthearmy.
Washingtontookovertheorderlybookfromthe
previouscommander,GeneralArtemasWard,and
beganissuingorders—thiswasallthatmarkedthe

8

August2009/

TheNorthernLight

PocketWatch,1877,

NationalHeritageMuseum.
PhotographbyDavidBohl.

Miniature
Masonic
Working
Tools,1950-
1975,Lentby
StanleyF.
Maxwell.
Photograph
byDavid
Bohl.