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August2010/

TheNorthernLight

PastMasterjewelemploysthesamesymbolsas
theEnglishexample.Thisjewelisengravedwith
thenameofitsoriginalowner,“T.Stewart
Brown,”andhislodge,“No.134F.andA.M.”A
quickbitofresearchfoundthatLodgeNo.134,
wasFranklinLodgeinPhiladelphia.First
institutedin1812,thelodgewentdarkin1831,a
casualtyoftheanti-Masonicera.InOctober
1846,itreorganizedandlatermergedwith
RichmondLodgeNo.230,in1986.Accordingto
thelodge’shistory,ittookitsname“in
complimenttoBro.RichardBache...froma
gratefulsenseofhisliberalityinpresentingtothe
newlodgeitsfurnitureandregalia.”Bachewas
thelodge’sfirstmasterandthegrandsonof
BenjaminFranklin,formerGrandMasterof
Pennsylvania.

Accordingtothemembershiprecordsatthe

GrandLodgeofPennsylvaniaLibrary,graciously
providedbylibrarian,GlenysA.Waldman,
Brownreceivedthejewelattheendofhisterm
asWorshipfulMasterinJanuary1866.Hewasa
trunkmanufacturerinPhiladelphiaandreceived
thefirstthreedegreesin1860.

TheBusinessofFreemasonryin
Pennsylvania

WithalloftheMasonsinPennsylvania,

merchantsandmanufacturersrecognizedthat
thesemenwouldbeinterestedinpurchasing
goodsmarkedwithMasonicsymbols.Afraternal
standard,whichmeasuresaboutsevenincheshigh
bysixincheswide,hasanopenBibleatthe
centerofasquareandcompassessymbol.
Unfortunately,wedonotknowwhereorhowthis
wasinitiallyused,butitdoeshavethemaker’s
namemarkedontheback,“W.H.Horstmann
Company.”TheW.H.HorstmannCompanywas
headquarteredinPhiladelphiaandwas
establishedin1816.Accordingtooneoftheir
catalogs,thecompanywas“theoldestandlargest
houseinourlineofbusiness”andadvertisedthat
theyoffered“themostcompletestockofgoods
andarereadyatalltimestoanswerquestionsand
giveallinformationinregardtotheneedsof
everyknownsociety.”

Inadditiontoobjectsmadespecificallyforuse

insidethelodge,Pennsylvaniamanufacturersalso
produceditemsforthehomethatcarried
Masonicassociations.Oneexampleisapale
greenglassflaskbearinganAmericaneagleon

onesideandabustportraitoftheMarquisde
Lafayette(1757-1834)ontheother.

MadearoundthetimeofLafayette’svisitto

theUnitedStatesin1824,thisflaskwasprobably
soldasasouvenir.Itismarked“T.W.D.”onthe
bottomforThomasW.Dyott(1777-1861)who
operatedtheKensingtonGlassWorksin
Philadelphia.InadditiontotheLafayetteflask,
thecompanyproducedexamplesbearingthe
likenessesofGeorgeWashingtonandBenjamin
Franklin.

P

erhapsoneofthemorewell-known
PennsylvaniaMasonicproductsisthefamous

Dudleypocketwatchthathasabridgeplatein
theformofMasonicsymbols.Themuseumis
fortunatetohavefiveexamplesofthiswatchin
thecollection–fewerthan2,600wereevermade.
WilliamDudley(1851-1938)emigratedfrom
Canadaafterhisapprenticeshipandworkedfor
severalAmericanwatchcompanies.In1920,he
establishedtheDudleyWatchCompanyin
Lancaster,PA,fulfillingalife-longdream.
Unfortunately,thecompanysurvivedonlyfive
years,succumbingtobankruptcy,largelydueto
thegrowingpopularityoftherecently-introduced
wristwatch.

TheDudleywatchshownherewasgivento

themuseumin1975aspartoftheWillisR.
Michaelcollection.Atoolanddiemakerfrom
York,PA,Michaelenjoyedcollectingand
repairingantiquetimepieces.Michaelwasactive
inboththeScottishRiteandtheYorkRite.His

GrandLodge

RoomoftheNew

MasonicHall,

ChestnutStreet,

Philadelphia,1855,

MaxRosenthal

(1833-1918),

lithographer,

Philadelphia.

Photoby

DavidBohl.