®

caltoalargercertificatethatissigned

andwasengravedinitiallyin1773.

Thissmallerversionwasprobably

originallycreatedinthelate1770s;at

leastoneexampleinamuseumcollec-

tionisfilledinwitha1780date.

Atthelowerright,theengraving

reads,“PrintedandsoldoppositeLib-

ertyStumpBoston.”

Revereownedlandinthislocation

fromthemid-1770s.Locatedatthecor-

nerofEssexandNewbury(nowWash-

ington)Streets,thestumpmarkedthe

locationoftheLibertyTreethatthe

BritishcutdowninAugust1775.

Interestingly,whenReveremovedhis

shopfromthatlocation,hisnewspot

wasoppositethe“LibertyPole.”Anad-

vertisementofhismoveisprintedina

January1786newspaper.

AdiplomaintheGrandLodgecol-

lectionisthatofJosephWallesJr.,of

WarrenLodge.Itmarkshisinitiationto

thethirddegreeofMasonryandis

datedJune25,1785.

InadditiontoMasonicengravings,

Reverealsoengravedpoliticalcartoons

andbroadsides.

Oneofthemostfamousishisren-

deringofthe“BostonMassacre,”anin-

cidentthattookplaceinBostonon

March5,1770.

TheNationalHeritageMuseumis

fortunatetohaveoneoftheoriginalcol-

oredengravingsmadebyReverein

1770.

Dueinparttorisingtensionsbe-

tweencolonistsandBritishsoldiers,five

menwereshotthateveningbyBritish

troopsaftertradingwords.Revere’sen-

gravingisbasedmostlyonadepiction

byanotherengraver,HenryPelham.

Therewerenocopyrightlawsatthe

timeanditwascommonforengravers

tocopyoneanother’swork,althoughin

thiscase,Pelhamwasnothappythat

Reveredidso.

However,Reverewasabletoquickly

engravehisversionofPelham’sbasic

designanddistributeitwidely,further

demonstratinghisbusinessacumen

andability.

Revere’sfeelingsaboutthiseventare

revealedinthetitleatthetop,“The

BloodyMassacreperpetratedinKing

Street…“

Inaddition,Reveremanipulated

someofthedetailsofthescenetocast

theBritishinamorenegativelight.

Reverewasnotshyaboutusinghis

engravingskillstocreatepropaganda

thatsupportedcolonialindependence.

Reverehopedtousethisimageto

winoverpublicopiniontoananti-

Britishpointofviewbydownplaying

theconfusionofthesceneandtheac-

tionsofthemobofcolonistswho

tauntedtheBritishtroops.

AftertheRevolutionaryWarendedin

theearly1780s,Revereturnedhisat-

tentioninnewdirections,decreasing

hisdirectinvolvementinsilversmithing

andengraving.

Heopenedahardwarestorein1783.

Atthisstorehesoldimportedhardware

aswellasavarietyofotheritemsin-

cludinghandkerchiefs,ivorycombs

andavarietyoftools.Hecontinuedto

haveanumberoffellowMasonsascus-

tomers.

Experiencewiththehardwarebusi-

ness,inpart,ledhimtostartafoundry

intheNorthEndofBostonin1787

whereheproducedmetalfittingsfor

shipsand,later,castbellsforpublic

buildings.

TheGrandLodgeofMassachusetts

ownsaratherunremarkablecopper

spikewhichmighteasilybeoverlooked

12

THENORTHERNLIGHT/FEBRUARY2007

Modelofacoppersheeting
rollerwithafragmentof
sheetingusedatSt.Stephen’s
ChurchinBoston’sNorthEnd.

WORKINGTOGETHER

Originallyreportedinthe
November2004issueofThe
NorthernLight,
thecollaboration
betweentheGrandLodgeofMa-
sonsinMassachusettsandtheNa-
tionalHeritageMuseumcontinues.
Workingtogether,theGLMAand
NHMaremakingtheGLMA’s
remarkablecollectionofimportant
Masonicandhistoricartifacts
availabletointerestedMasonsand
researchers.

Formoreinformationaboutthe
collaborationbetweentheGLMA
andNHMorlearnmoreaboutthe
collection,pleasecontactthe
museum’scollectionsdepartment
at781-861-6559.

WORKINGTOGETHER

CopperspikefromthefrigateConstitution.